What are the types of sterilizers?
There are several types of sterilization equipment. Steam sterilizers (autoclaves), dry heat sterilizers, heated chemical vapor sterilizers, and gas sterilizers. The dry heat sterilizers employ higher temperatures to destroy microorganisms.
What is the difference between vertical and horizontal sterilizer?
A small amount of process water is filled in on an autoclave bottom. In the horizontal autoclave with two baskets 200 liters of water are filled in ~ (in two baskets vertical ~ 2500 liters of water). ... Respectively steam consumption in horizontal autoclaves is lower, than in vertical autoclaves.
What is the minimum temperature for sterilization?
Sterilization is achieved within a minimum of 15 min at 121°C (250 °F) or 3 min at 134°C (273°F). Other times and temperatures can achieve the same killing effect (e.g., 121°C for 20 min).
What is the difference between autoclave and sterilizer?
A sterilizer is a general term for any equipment that can sterilize. ... While autoclaves solely utilize steam to disinfect, sterilizers can use chemicals, high pressure, filtration, irritation, or a combination of these methods to eliminate living organisms.
What is dry heat used to sterilize?
Dry heat is primarily used to sterilize instruments and heat-resistible glass and instrument parts. The heat transfer by dry heat is less effective than by airless, saturated steam, because steam is able to transport the heat quicker than by condensation just air.